Nature and detection of the Universal Currents
|LGV Rota's Theories||The Work of Louis Rota||Layman's Articles||Nature and detection of the Universal Currents||Earth Antenna||The Universal Currents|
In one of Rota’s laboratory notes he says:
"At the start I thought that telluric currents were magnetic in nature and in consequence I conducted experiments into the concentration of electromagnetic waves of long wavelength using the earth as a collector".
Today, we would call this Extra/Very Low Frequency (E/V LF) electromagnetic waves, but as we shall this lead to something far more important.Sir William Thomson) that earth currents originate from the rotation of the earth in is non uniform N-S magnetic field. (The Magnetic north pole is not coincident with the rotational axis of the earth). Rota started From Lord Kelvin’s idea that telluric or earth currents originate totally in the earth and were not external in origin. As mentioned above, earth currents caused disruption in early telegraphs which had a single wire mounted on poles and an earth return via buried metal plates. Rota set out to investigate the variations in telluric currents noted by telegraph operators to see if they were systematic in any way. He also noticed that ships in motion caused low frequency variations in potential on a metal cylinder immersed in water compared to one above the water. He extended this idea to aircraft detection and developed a special detection device which he subsequently patented (GB128624, GB129059, FR536324) that exploited this discovery.
At first Rota thought that aircraft and ships caused disturbances in the magnetic field of telluric currents which, in his view flowed continually in the earth, and these were detected by his patented apparatus, but sometime the end of the first world war he performed experiments on radio transmission through the earth. He discovered that in certain places the variations of signal between insulated grounded metal rods and insulated grounded wires of dissimilar metals separated by some distance showed different values depending on which metals were used for the metal pairs, furthermore he found that different metal pairs would simultaneously show different variations of signal. From these observations, he concluded that the electrical currents that he had transmitted through the earth had an “inner content” which was metal specific. In addition, he discovered that different metals transmitted signals through the earth better in some directions than others, and when the receiver antenna buried in the earth was the same metal as the transmitter reception was better. This gave him the idea that the radio signal was transmitted through the earth on a directional “emanation” which came from the metal, and furthermore this emanation was strongly influenced by the direction of the earth’s magnetic field. At that time, powerful spark transmitters were still in use for radio communication. It is supposed, he extended this idea to the natural telluric currents regarding them as being “metallic emanations” from deep in the earth carrying electromagnetic energy. This is something like ionization which will be discussed later.
Electrical potential as understood by Rota is a property its carrier agent and so should not be thought of simple thing in isolation but the property of a mixture of several components, the different metals separate this mixture being individually responsive to one component as distinct from another. Rota understood that these underlying component potentials revealed by different metals were more important than the just the overall electrical potential because the emanations from the metal rather like ionic streams could carry additional information. He found that emanations from the metals were not simple but consisted of a number of components which he called “Universal Currents” since one component or another could be found universally in nature and any mixture of them always are carried an electrical potential and flowed like an ionic electric current. However, the emanations from the metals seem to have more properties than the ions familiar to chemists although of a similar nature.
Earth Probes or Blocks
Analysis of Rota’s apparatus allows us to gain an insight into its operation. Rota used deeply buried metallic probes to detect the earth potentials. These probes he called blocks. They were of a laminated multi-metallic construction (iron, tin, lead, zinc, cadmium, nickel etc.). The blocks were insulated from the surrounding soil so it is clear that he was interested in variation of potential which would couple capacitively/inductively into the probes or blocks rather than by direct conduction. (There is a possibility that the “ions” produced from the metals of the block could actually penetrate the varnish insulation, but the blocks I dug up showed no sign of corrosion despite having been buried over twenty years). However early blocks were probably not insulated from the soil. Extensive very thick cables (fig. 4) lead from the blocks into the laboratory. Two blocks separated by some 200 metres constituted an induction loop for the universal earth current(s).
Rota made the buried groups from laminations of different metals. The whole ensemble of metals formed a laminated metallic structure, which Rota called simply a “block”. This block when buried would pick up all the current types in that locality. Other localities were found to have different current groupings, and for that given area a different block with different metals would be needed. (See Figs1, 2, 3)
The Blocks (Fig. 1) were buried in some cases at considerable depth. He was able to detect the telluric currents, using conventional galvanometers, headphones etc., but after he had made a crucial discovery the strength of the current detected instrumentally was dependent on the type of metal used in the block, the connection between the nature of the metal itself and the telluric current suggested itself. Investigating these telluric energies and some time during this period, he found that for buried blocks close to each other but of different metals, one block would give a large output from the telluric energies and another adjacent block of a different metal would give little or no output. Also, on another occasion two adjacent blocks might be active and a third not etc. A block became in effect a means of tapping a specific group of currents in a given locality. To tap different current groups would require different metals within the block.
The output from these blocks then became substantially greater the more carefully they were adjusted in terms of amount of metal of one sort or another present in the block. Curiously the mass of a given metal is important. The different metals (as laminations) in a block have to match the telluric energy being detected for maximum output. Also as time went by the blocks grew in power without any intervention from outside. This "acclimatisation" process took about four years.
Rota found that using a pair of phones he could hear the telluric currents which gave a characteristic note when connected to the blocks. Each block gave a different note or more correctly a characteristic tone, and also the note changed periodically over a period ranging from seconds to months. The periodicity meant that he could get the same tone from a given block after a known time. He then realised that there were many different sorts of telluric current, each giving its own sound in the headphones connected to a given block, and each fluctuating in a characteristic periodic manner. He later claimed to have found 361 different types of telluric current. All currents have a fixed and generally different direction in the earth. Their intensity and what Rota called their density changes but their direction is always fixed. The rise and fall of these parameters occurs at fixed times which enabled Rota to predict in advance when a given current was going to be active.
As previously mentioned, there is a connection between a given telluric current and a specific metal and when Rota experimented with blocks of single metals such as copper, zinc or iron etc he found that a given metal was responsive to more than one telluric current. However, the number of telluric currents detectable by common metals was relatively small. Thus copper is sensitive to four specific currents, zinc to six etc. Rota noted that the blocks gradually amplified the currents. This lead him to a very important discovery, I quote one of his documents:
"I have come to discover and prove how, in placing a metal of whatsoever kind in direct and suitable presence of its own intrinsic current which gave to the metal its origin one succeeds in awakening the latent energy of this metal and consequently to have at our disposal immense free energy for all kinds of industry and its applications".
If the metal buried in the ground emanates some sort of penetrating ions, then this claim is a natural consequence. The metal as the source would in time become used up.
We can see from this that the telluric current must be far more complex than electricity, in fact as we shall discover later electricity is, according to Rota, caused by the action of two telluric currents and magnetism by another three making five in all. Even gravitation has a current basis. These fascinating problems will be discussed below in more detail. These ideas are a departure from the metallic emanation view and he evidently thought that electrons were not all the same. Also, at some stage Rota decided that the telluric currents were not confined to the earth but originate from the cosmos and seem to play an important role in nature existing everywhere on earth including in living beings. For this reason he renamed the telluric currents he had detected, Universal Currents.
The difference between Universal Current and the Electric Current
One of Rota’s laboratory notes says this regarding electricity:-
“That which we call in physics Static Electricity is an imponderable which results from the action of two natural energies; these latter form part of an ensemble of cosmic energies the existence and effects of which I have discovered. These two energies have their own specific properties but they are able to form one single energy when certain conditions are fulfilled; one sees an analogue between natural electricity and that produced empirically in the usual way. Three natural currents, different from the first two, give birth to an energy which goes under the name of magnetism. The result of these five energies working together is what we call electromagnetism. Thanks to intrinsic properties of each one of them, these currents can, according to the elements which they meet either in nature or dispersed by the hand of man produce effects at the present time not understood”.
This opens up the question as to whether electromagnetism is always the same as far as its constituent energies are concerned. For example if a battery is made using say zinc and copper in a suitable electrolyte connected by wires to a torch bulb and another battery using say iron and zinc are the constituent energies in the electric current the same in both cases? This of course is nothing to do with the volts and amps but would be to do with the “inner structure” of the electric current. If electricity has its origin externally and is cosmic in origin, then the “inner structure” is always the same. This view requires that the act of generating electricity is a process involving the attraction of an external energy; a specific group of universal currents. Rota’s original telluric currents were very similar in behaviour to a current of metallic ions. Whatever the origin of electricity, apparently the component universal currents do not act and react against one another. The self exchanging mechanism occurs only when the currents are active and so the currents may be regarded as static and inert. It will be seen later that these currents are active in living organisms and life is dependent on such an action and reaction. When this ceases death ensues, so it is clear that from this point of view electricity is dead.
In any case it is important to note that physical instruments are blind to the constituent universal currents in an electric current, instruments only detect volts and amps. Therefore two different groups of universal currents having the same voltage and the same current would be seen as identical by voltmeters and ammeters even if the constituents were different. The universal currents in an electric current may be chaotic, this is possibly why Rota said that the electric current is a degradation of its universal current components. When the metals involved in the production of an electric current are “awakened” the electric current detected is the result of an action and reaction of the constituent currents in a coordinated way. This produces a characteristic tone which can be seen as a waveform on an oscilloscope or heard in a pair of headphones owing to the large fluctuations in potential as the various components synchronously add and subtract. The “awakening” is a harmonizing effect which Rota called Synchronization. The high potentials produced in this way caused the shock Rota received during his early experiments. An analogue to this process is an orchestra. If the members are playing at random there is just general noise, but if playing together in a coordinated way a tune is heard and also much louder impulses of sound.
To sum up, the difference between the universal current and the electric current is that the latter is a group of five component currents currents which are internally static that is they do not act and react whereas the universal currents dynamically act and react in a pulsatory manner. A metal can be activated so that its components currents act and react. The awakening of a metal is a process called synchronization. Later it will be seen that living organisms carry universal currents which act and react on each other and when this exchange ceases the organism is dead. Electricity does not act and react and so by this standard it is dead. The universal current which does show this exchange may be thought of as “living electricity”.
Returning to the blocks Rota used, when a multi-metallic block is first buried, in the location appropriate to the metals the individual metals are dormant. In time the metals become active producing a coherent pulsing due to the action and reaction of the groups of currents of a given metal operating against each other giving that metal its characteristic tone. As mentioned above In order to hear this activity with headphones the metals have to be activated, they have to have their latent energy awakened. The tones from a block are due to the combined action of the currents of all the metals in the block; like an orchestra playing a tune. For example zinc with six currents gives a tone resulting from the sum of the six currents which constitute zinc. (This assumes the zinc metal is awakened by treatment with one or more of its intrinsic currents, otherwise the metal is inert). If zinc and copper were connected together the result would be the random ensemble of the 10 ten different currents, 4 for copper plus 6 for zinc. However, when combined in a buried block, over a period of time, the ensemble would meld into one single characteristic sound specific for that block and dependent on the metals constituting the block. This is the process of harmonizing Rota called synchronization. Accompanying synchronization Rota found an enormous increase in output energy from the block as all the impulses from the block pulse in an ordered manner. The pulsing produces a characteristic tone signature. Synchronisation takes about four years to fully mature. It is not mass or volume dependent, 1 kg takes as long as 100 kg.
Synchronization eventually occurs in the laboratory equipment used with the currents. All the wires, galvanometers, voltmeters, ammeters and phones eventually become synchronised. If this is not done the "discord" drastically inhibits the flow of energy from the block. As mentioned above, common laboratory instruments such as voltmeters and ammeters cannot distinguish between an electric current and a universal current group. A common unsynchronized ammeter may measure a few milliamperes from a block but a synchronised ammeter would read amps from the same block.
However, at this point it is worth bringing to light another even more curious fact. Rota maintained that the force which holds matter together at the atomic level was a force he called universal cohesion and also that gravitation which is proportional to mass, were caused by the same force. This force was one or a special group of Universal Currents. It seems that an element consists of a kind of knot of universal currents (four currents in the case of copper for example) bound together by the cohesive force current of universal cohesion or “gravitation”. Rota was well aware that gravitational force was, at the atomic level extremely minute, therefore, I infer that there must be two forms of gravitation. The second (bipolar?) form is enormously strong (because it is the cohesive force in matter) whilst the first monopolar form is a microscopic residue which only assumes significance in the case of large masses such as planets. He experimented with this second form in his antigravity machines, more on this later.
Problems in Detection Today
As will be seen in the patents quoted below any paramagnetic object in motion will produce a disturbance that can be detected by an ordinary electrometer. It appears today under the heading of ULF(Ultra Low Frequency). These disturbances are produced for example by cars and aircraft etc. Rota believed that these disturbances were due to an interaction between cars or aircraft etc. with telluric currents, that is, currents that flowed in the earth, but later came to the conclusion that these currents were cosmic or external in origin. This was a further reason why the telluric currents were renamed Universal currents.
Insulated buried probes will pick up a difference in potential if the disturbance in the universal current moves such that the probes are influenced unequally or if they consist of different metals. Initially, the metals pairs show only a very small potential variation but gradually the potentials start to increase as the almost dormant metals start to become active. It seems to have taken Rota many years to be sure of this effect.
To detect the universal currents unequivocally requires that the metal of the probe becomes activated as mentioned above. This needs the correct metal for the characteristic current of the place. If these do not match then the metal will never become active. It is also essential that no chemical action takes place between the metal probe and the ground so it must be well insulated and protected.